Friday, 8 November 2019

Causes Of Coronary Heart Disease


Coronary heart disease (CHD) is caused by damage to the heart's blood vessels or coronary arteries. The following damages can be caused by the buildup of atheroma in arterial walls. Ateroma consists of cholesterol and residual substances of the body's metabolism.

The consistent ateromas accumulate, capable of carrying the impact of the thickened artery walls until narrowed. As a result, the heart does not get enough blood and oxygen intake. This condition is called atherosclerosis.

A number of factors are able to increase the risk of atherosclerosis, among others:

Smoking rooms
Cigarettes are a major risk factor of coronary heart disease. Nicotine content and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke can weigh the heart's work, along with a faster heart-spur. These two compounds are calculated to increase the risk of blood clotting.

Other compounds in the calculated cigarettes are able to cause damage to the heart artery walls and carry impact narrowing. Therefore, the risk of heart disease in smokers is almost 25 procents higher than those who do not smoke.

Diabetes
Diabetes carries the wall impact of thickened blood vessels and prevents blood flow. Diabetics are known to be 2 times more risky in the attack of coronary heart disease.

Thrombosis
Thrombosis is a blood clot capable of forming in vein or arterial veins. When formed in the arteries, it can prevent blood flow to the heart, to increase the risk of heart attack.

High blood pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension carries a mandatory heart impact work harder. One of the triggering factors of hypertension is consuming food along with a high salt content. Normal blood pressure ranges from 90/60 mmHg to 120/80 mmHg.

High cholesterol levels
Cholesterol is the fat produced by the liver, and is absolute for healthy cell formation processes. Nevertheless, high cholesterol content is able to raise the risk of coronary heart disease.

Cholesterol is divided into two, namely good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL). This LDL is able to accumulate in the walls of the arteries and bring the impact of narrowing. In healthy adults, the normal content of LDL in the blood is less than 100 mg/dL. As for individuals at risk of coronary heart disease, the LDL content is recommended under 100 mg/dL. The maximum limit of LDL content can be lower back for those who already suffer from heart disease or diabetes, which is below 70 mg/dL.

Excess weight
A person along with excess body weight or obesity is risky in the attack of coronary heart disease.

Less activity
Physical activity like exercise is able to reduce the risk of heart disease. The calculated sport is able to support controlling cholesterol and blood sugar content, preventing obesity, and also supporting lowering blood pressure.

Unhealthy diet
Risk of coronary heart disease is able to increase due to unhealthy diet, like very much consume food along with high sugar or salt content, or food together with high fat content.

Family freshness History
The risk of CHD increases in individuals who have families along with heart disease.

Gender
Generally, CHD has more to attack men than women. However, the risk of developing the same disease may increase in postmenopausal women.

Age
The older the person's age, the higher the risk in coronary heart disease. The disease more often affects men aged more than 45th. and women over 55 years.

Metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome is a group of diseases that raise the risk of coronary heart disease, including hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity.

Sleep apnea
Unresolved sleep apnea is able to raise the risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and stroke.

Stress
Research shows, stress in various spheres of life, able to carry the impact of coronary heart disease. Countless stress is capable of carrying other risk factor impacts. For example, stress is capable of carrying the impact of someone smoking or overeating.

Alcohol
Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages is able to cause damage to the heart muscle, and worsen the situation of one along with the risk factors of coronary heart disease, like hypertension and obesity.

Preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a complication in the period of pregnancy, marked with hypertension and high protein content in urine. This condition raises the risk of heart disorders, calculated CHD.
Reaksi:

0 komentar:

Post a Comment