Monday, 11 November 2019

Understanding Of HIV And AIDS


HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that causes damage to the immune system, by infecting and destroying CD4 cells. The more CD4 cells are destroyed, the weaker the body's immunity, to be vulnerable to disease.HIV infection that is not immediately addressed can develop into a real-life atmosphere called AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the end-stage derived from an HIV virus infection. In this step, the body's ability to fight the infection is gone completely.



Until this time the drug is not available to deal with HIV and AIDS. However, the drug is available to slow the progression of the disease, and to increase the patient's life expectancy.

HIV type
HIV Virus is divided into two main types, namely HIV-1 and HIV-2. Each type is redivided into more than one subtype. In many cases, HIV infection is caused by HIV-1, 90% of which is HIV-1 subtype M. Whereas HIV-2 is known to attack more than a small individual, especially in West Africa.

HIV infection can be caused by more than 1 viral subtype, especially if one is infected with more than 1 person. This condition is called superinfection. Although this atmosphere is only lasting not enough to come from 4% of HIV sufferers, the risk of superinfection is quite high in the first 3 years after infection.

HIV and AIDS in Indonesia
Based on data from Ministry of Health RI, during the year 2016 contained more than 40 thousand problems of HIV infection in Indonesia. Of these, HIV is most commonly held in heterosexuals, followed by male sex males (LSL), and users of the injectable NAPZA (advisers). In the same year, more than 7000 people suffer from AIDS, with more deaths coming from 800 people.

Last Data Kemenkes RI shows, in the range of January to March 2017 have been recorded more than 10,000 reports of HIV infection, and not not enough from the 650 AIDS problems in Indonesia.
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