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Saturday, 9 November 2019

Vaccine And Rabies Serum



Anti-Rabies vaccine
The introduction of anti-rabies vaccine (VAR) after being bitten by animals that are considered to bring rabies viruses is the best step to avoid rabies. This vaccine is useful to stimulate the neutrals of rabies virus.

The dose of vaccine relief after being bitten by animals that are considered to bring rabies viruses to each person is able to vary. Generally, the vaccine is administered 4 times against people who have never been vaccinated, in a period of 21 days. As for people who have received the vaccine, the relief is only done 2 times in the period of 3 days. A person who can run a high-risk activity is exposed to rabies viruses, also recommended to receive additional vaccines prior to pioneering the activity.

The vaccine is administered through injections to the muscles around the upper limbs (deltoid) or thighs.

After being administered rabies vaccine, there is a rash, swelling, and pain to the injected area. In addition, vaccine help is also able to cause side effects in the form of:

Fever
Headaches
Vomiting
Muscle aches
Anti-Rabies Serum
Anti-Rabies Serum (SAR) is also useful to neutralize the virus against the wound while providing relief for 7-10 days before the time when the antibodies formed from the vaccine arise. Anti-rabies Serum can be given to people who are injured together with a high risk.

The dose of anti-rabies serum for each person is able to differ, according to the patient's weight. Generally, anti-rabies serum aid dose is 20 or 40 IU/kgBB, related type of serum given.

Rabies Treatment



When rabies has been in the step of inviting symptoms, subsequent situations have been risky and potentially result in a large potential death. Until this fitting, there is no method to make a cure rabies to the step.

Rabies is able to be prevented by carrying out after-activity of animals that are risky to transmit viruses, such as giving initial treatment of bite injuries and receiving serum as well as anti-rabies vaccines. In the bite wound, the initial treatment of the intended include:

Clean the wound area with soap.
Administration of antiseptics, such as alcohol or povidone iodine.
Immediately to the nearest fitness service.
If possible, the kudu patients carry out observations of the biting animals. Observations were shown by the siege of animals over 10-14 days, and witnessed the presence or absence of signs of rabies against the animal. It is intended to assess the kudu or whether the support of serum or anti-rabies vaccine.

In addition to observing animal-biting animals, the doctor includes assessing the injuries suffered by the patient. Assessment of wounds, including a person who has a vaccine or anti-rabies serum A high-risk wound and a mange with a vaccine or anti-rabies serum are cuts located on the part of the body that have many nerves such as the neck, head, face, and also the fingertip of the hands and feet, or further wounds are adequate in and the amount of more than 1.

When low risk injuries and bite-biting animals do not invite the signs of rabies along the observation system, patients do not need a serum or anti-rabies vaccine. However, if the wound is a high risk wound, and also a bite-biting animal cannot be observed or throughout the animal's observation inviting signs of rabies, patients receiving a serum or vaccine. Administration of serum and anti-rabies vaccine has a goal to neutralize the rabies virus that is in the wound and in the body.

Causes Of Rabies


The viral causes of rabies can attack mammals and human beings. Rabies viruses are essentially unable to absorb or infiltrate the human skin intact without wounds. The following viruses are found in saliva infected animals, and the spread to humans can walk through bites, a burst of saliva that goes into wounds on the skin or mucous layer (on the eyes or mouth), and the claws of the animal's finger nails contaminated by saliva That has rabies virus content.
When someone is bitten by a rabies virus carrier animal, the virus will enter the veins and spread in the body. When it reaches the brain, rabies viruses will multiply together quickly. This is after that it can create severe inflammation of the brain and spinal nerves that endanger the patient's atmosphere and potentially make a big death. The spread will run faster if the patient has a bite or a caker on the neck or head area.

The following are the animals that can have and transmit rabies viruses:

Dog
Cat
Monkey
Bat
Civet
Cow
Goat
Horse
Rabbit
Beaver
Fox
Raccoon
There are also several facets that can increase the risk of a person contracting rabies;

Live in an area far from vaccination or immunization areas.
Live in a country with poor sanitation.
Live in a lightweight environment accomplished wild animals.
Often run camping activities.
Often run activities in the wild, like climbing a mountain.
Has wounds on the skin.

Rabies Symptoms


The symptoms of rabies usually appear to be approximately 4-12 weeks after a person has been infected with rabies virus. Time before the onset of rabies symptoms is called incubation period. In more than one case, incubation times can run faster or slower.




Early symptoms of rabies include:

Fever
Limp
Tingling
Headaches
Sick of bite scars
Feeling anxious
Early symptoms of rabies had similarities to flu symptoms, resulting in many difficult to distinguish patients. It is better to directly check with a doctor unless bitten by an animal that is suspected of carrying a rabies virus.

Innumerable rabies sufferers may experience advanced symptoms. Patients who have reached this step will declare symptoms of hyperactivity, excitedly, or even acting unclear. The symptoms of connection further appear when the virus has attacked the central nervous system. The symptoms of the connection include:

Muscle cramps
Insomnia
Anxious
Confused
Hallucinations
Excessive saliva production
Experiencing difficulty swallowing
Shortness of breath
When rabies sufferers experience advanced symptoms, this indicates that the condition has worsened longer. Furthermore, rabies suffered could result in paralysis, coma, and later death.

Know the symptoms of Rabies Virus carrier animals
One can withstand rabies viruses by recognizing the symptoms of rabies virus carrier animals and then avoiding them. Dogs, animals that are close to humans and most often transmit rabies viruses to humans, have varying symptoms of rabies virus infection. Some of the symptoms that can be seen against a rabies virus-infected dog include:

Look jittery or scared
Get angry and lightly attack people
Fever
Foamy mouth
Not an appetite
Weak
Seizures
Animals infected with rabies virus are usually very sensitive to touch, light, and sound. Some come from even eating objects that are not food, and themselves in a dark room. Not infrequently rabies virus carrier animals died suddenly.

Rabies Definition


Rabies or known included along with the term "Mad Dog" is a viral infection against the brain and nervous system. This disease is considered too risky because it is potentially a great death. In th. 2017, in Indonesia contained more than 25,000 problems of animal bites of rabies was given an anti-rabies vaccine, but there was always 90 victims died. Most cases of death are contained in the provinces of West Kalimantan and South Sulawesi, which are 22 cases respectively.




Causes of Rabies
The Virus causes rabies to be transmitted by dogs through bites, claws, or saliva. However, there are other animals that are capable of carrying rabies viruses and transmit them to humans, such as cats, apes, civet, let alone rabbits.

In the matter of being too rare, the transmission of rabies viruses including being able to occur from humans to humans, through organ transplantation.

Rabies symptoms
Rabies symptoms generally appear approximately 4-12 weeks after the patient is bitten by an infected animal. Early symptoms include:

Fever
Weakened muscles
Tingling
Headaches
There are advanced signs capable of appearing against rabies sufferers. The next advanced symptom is a marker that the patient's condition worsened.

Rabies treatment
There has been no method that is certainly capable of tackling rabies that has caused symptoms. However, rabies treatment has been carried out since the patient is bitten by a infected animal who is considered to be carrying a rabies virus and there are no signs appearing.

The treatment is able to form Immunogulobin Aid (serum) or anti-rabies vaccine. Administration of serum or vaccine has a purpose to support the body in combating the viral causes of infection against the brain and nervous system.